Back to Index

Abbreviations for Literary and Religious Works

Abbreviations for the Bible (Bib.) – Most are first 3 or 4 letters, with a period.

Old Testament: OT
Genesis: Gen.
Exodus: Exod.
1 Kings: 1 Kings
Psalms: Ps.

New Testament: NT
Matthew: Matt.
Mark: Mark
Romans: Rom.
1 Corinthians: 1 Cor.

Example: (1 Cor. 13:4) would be from 1 Corinthians, Chapter 13, Verse 4

Abbreviations for Citing Shakespeare

Much Ado about Nothing: Ado
Hamlet: Ham.
Henry V: H5
Julius Caesar: JC
Macbeth: Mac.

A Midsummer Night’s Dream: MND
The Merchant of Venice: MV
Othello: Oth.
Richard III: R3
Romeo and Juliet: Rom.
The Taming of the Shrew: Shr.

Example: (JC 2.3.3-9) would be from Julius Caesar, Act II, Scene 3, lines 3-9

The works cited entry will be like any other book:

Author, Title of Play. City: Publisher, Date. Print.

Abbreviations for Other Classic Works - Notice books are Italicized while chapters/tales within the larger works are not.

The Canterbury Tales: CT
The Friar’s Tale: FrT.
The Knight’s Tale: KnT
The Wife of Bath’s Tale: WBT

Beowulf: Beo.
Don Quixote: DQ
Epic of Gilgamesh: Gil.
Odyssey: Od.

Back to Index